Logic and Accuracy Test Information Packet 2010 General Election. Boulder County Clerk & Recorder Elections Division - PDF

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Logic and Accuracy Test Information Packet 2010 General Election Boulder County Clerk & Recorder Elections Division Colorado Secretary of State Election Rules [8 CCR ] Rule 11. Rules Concerning Voting
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Logic and Accuracy Test Information Packet 2010 General Election Boulder County Clerk & Recorder Elections Division Colorado Secretary of State Election Rules [8 CCR ] Rule 11. Rules Concerning Voting Systems 11.1 Definitions Central Count shall mean a ballot counting process whereby cumulative voting totals are tabulated for multiple precincts and multiple ballot styles at a single location Election Setup Records shall mean the electronic records generated by election tabulation software during election setup to create and define ballots, tabulation instruction, and other functions related to the election Electronic Ballot shall mean a ballot that is presented to the voter in a non-paper form such as on a touch screen or through audio feedback. After a voter casts an electronic ballot, the voter s choices may be: Marked and printed on a paper ballot for subsequent counting by a paper ballot scanning device; or Digitally recorded and counted by the touch screen device, commonly referred to as a Direct Record Electronic (DRE) device Election Software shall mean the software to be installed or residing on election equipment firmware or on election management computers that control election setup vote recording, vote tabulation and reporting Electronic Voting Device shall mean a device by which votes are recorded electronically, including a touch screen system Electronic Vote-Tabulating Equipment or Electronic Vote-Counting Equipment shall mean any apparatus that examines and records votes automatically and tabulates the result, including but not limited to optical scanning equipment. The term includes any apparatus that counts votes electronically and tabulates the results simultaneously on a paper tape within the apparatus, that uses and electronic device to store the tabulation results, and that has the capability to transmit the votes into a central processing unit for purposed of a printout and an official count Electromechanical Voting System shall mean a system in which an elector votes using a device for marking a paper ballot using ink or another visible substance and the votes are counted with electronic vote-tabulating equipment, or a system in which votes are directly recorded electronically within the equipment on paper tape and are recorded simultaneously on an electronic device that permits tabulation at a counting center Firmware shall mean computer programs, stored on read-only memory devices or other electronic circuitry in voting devices, WHICH control the basic operation and functioning of those devices Logic and Accuracy Test (LAT) shall mean a step by step documented review of a voting device s ability, prior to use in any election, to produce accurate results on voter choices for the candidates and ballot issues in an election. The Logic and Accuracy test shall fulfill the requirements OF the Public Test as identified in section (2), C.R.S Precinct Count shall mean a ballot counting process whereby voting totals are tabulated for single/multiple precincts OR single/multiple ballot styles at individual polling place locations. Rule 11 As amended 12/8/09 1 Page 2 of 15 Colorado Secretary of State Election Rules [8 CCR ] Logic and Accuracy Test The designated election official shall conduct a Logic and Accuracy Test according to the following requirements The designated election official shall create a Testing Board consisting of at least two persons, one from each major political party Prior to the commencement of voting, the designated election official shall conduct the public Logic and Accuracy Test The Logic and Accuracy test shall be open to representatives of the press and the public to the extent allowable and pursuant to section (2)(b), C.R.S. The designated election official may limit the number of representatives from each group to accommodate for space limitations and other considerations Testing Board Test Ballots In preparation for the Logic and Accuracy Test, the designated election official shall provide to each member of the Testing Board, at least twenty-five (25) ballots that are clearly marked as test ballots to be used for the Logic and Accuracy Test The members of the Testing Board shall secretly vote their position and retain a record of the tally of their test votes. The test ballots shall have a known predetermined outcome by the members of the Testing Board s secret vote and tally. Of the twenty-five test ballots, two shall be tested as audio ballots where applicable County Test-Ballots In preparation for the Logic and Accuracy Test, the designated election official shall prepare a sufficient number of test ballots that represent every precinct which shall include every ballot style, allow for a sufficient number of ballots to mark every vote position for every candidate on every race including write-in candidates, allow for situations where a race may permit an elector to vote for two or more positions, and include overvotes and undervotes for each race The test ballots shall be tested on each type of voting device utilized in a given election and each method of counting. The tests shall include testing of mail-in ballot counting methods, election day counting methods, provisional ballot counting methods, early voting counting methods and audio ballots, if applicable Conducting the Test The designated election official and Testing Board shall observe the tabulation of all test ballots by means of the voting device and compare the tabulation with the previously retained records of the test vote count. The cause of any discrepancies shall be corrected prior to the start of vote tabulation Prior to the start of testing, all devices used will have the public counter reset to zero, and presented to the testing board for Rule 11 As amended 12/8/09 5 Page 3 of 15 Colorado Secretary of State Election Rules [8 CCR ] verification. For any device capable of producing the trusted build hash value (MD5 or SHA-1) of the firmware or software, the Election Official shall verify and document the accuracy of the value to be included with the records for the device An appropriate number of voting devices will be available and the testing board may witness the necessary programming and/or downloading of memory devices necessary to test the specific precincts The Testing Board and designated election official or his or her designated deputized clerks, as necessary, shall count the test ballots as follows: (a) Mail-in Ballots: (1) All county test ballots shall be counted on at least one, but not more than three, mail-in ballot vote counting devices and have the predetermined total verified to the machine total. (2) All Testing Board Member test ballots shall be counted individually with reports generated to verify the machine count to the predetermined hand tally. (b) Precinct Count Ballots (Optical Scan and DRE): (1) The Testing Board shall randomly select 20% but not more than 10 ballots representing unique precincts from the Testing Board s test ballots. (2) In the event a selected precinct contains a combination of DRE and Optical Scan voting devices, the Testing Board shall decide on the percentage of ballots to be counted on each type of device used for that precinct. (3) The precinct specific county test ballots will be added to the testing board test ballots to be counted on the specific precinct device. The testing board shall manually verify the ballots to be counted prior to any machine count. (4) The Testing Board shall verify the manual count to the voting device count. (c) Vote Center Count Ballots Optical Scan: (1) All testing board test ballots shall be counted on at least one, but not more than 5 voting devices designated for Vote Center Counting and have the predetermined total verified to the machine total. (2) All test ballots shall be counted individually with reports generated to verify the machine count to the predetermined tally of the test ballots. Rule 11 As amended 12/8/09 6 Page 4 of 15 Colorado Secretary of State Election Rules [8 CCR ] (3) The testing board shall randomly select the machines to be tested. (d) Vote Center Count Ballots DREs: (1) All testing board test ballots shall be counted on at least one, but not more than 5 DREs designated for Vote Center Counting and have the predetermined total verified to the machine total. (2) All test ballots shall be counted individually with reports generated to verify the machine count to the predetermined tally of the test ballots. (3) The testing board shall randomly select the machines to be tested. (e) Early Voting and Provisional Ballots Counted on Optical Scan Devices: (1) All test ballots shall be counted on at least one, but not more than five, optical scan devices designated for Early Voting or Provisional Ballot Counting and have the predetermined total verified to the machine total. (2) All test ballots shall be counted individually with reports generated to verify the machine count to the predetermined tally of the test ballots. (f) Early Voting and Provisional Ballots Counted on DREs: (1) All test ballots shall be counted on at least one, but not more than five, DREs designated for Early Voting or Provisional Ballot Counting and have the predetermined total verified to the machine total. (2) All Testing Board Member test ballots shall be counted individually with reports generated to verify the machine count to the predetermined tally of the Testing Board test ballots DREs equipped with V-VPAT devices shall be manually verified (by hand) to determine that the pre-determined total of the testing board ballots, matches the V-VPAT total, which in turn matches the machine total At least two of the testing board ballots shall be identified as Audio Ballots to be tested as such, and included with the count All test materials, when not in use, shall be kept in a metal box with individual seals for each member of the Testing Board. The designated election official may affix his or her own seal in addition to those of the Testing Board. The designated election official shall be the custodian of the box or boxes but shall not open and/or use the test materials outside of the presence of the Testing Board. Rule 11 As amended 12/8/09 7 Page 5 of 15 Colorado Secretary of State Election Rules [8 CCR ] The Testing Board and the designated election official shall sign a written statement attesting to the qualification of each device that was successfully tested, the number of the seal attached to the voting device at the end of the test, any problems discovered, and provide any other documentation as necessary to provide a full and accurate account of the condition of a given device Upon completion of the testing, the Testing Board shall witness the resetting and sealing of each tested voting device. Rule 11 As amended 12/8/09 8 Page 6 of 15 Electronic and electromechanical vote counting - testing of equipment required. (1) (a) An electronic or electromechanical voting system shall be tested at the conclusion of maintenance and testing. The tests shall be sufficient to determine that the voting system is properly programmed, the election is correctly defined on the voting system, and all of the voting system's input, output, and communication devices are working properly. (b) The designated election official shall conduct at least three tests on all electronic and electromagnetic voting equipment, including a hardware test, a public logic and accuracy test conducted in accordance with subsection (2) of this section, and a postelection test or audit conducted in accordance with rules promulgated by the secretary of state. Each type of ballot, including mail-in, early voting, provisional, precinct, and audio ballots, shall be tested in accordance with rules promulgated by the secretary of state. The tests shall ensure that the equipment will correctly count the votes cast for all offices and on all ballot questions and ballot issues and that the voting system will accurately count ballots of all types. (c) The designated election official shall select a testing board comprising at least two persons, one from each major political party, from the list provided by the major political parties pursuant to section (2) (a) A public test of voting equipment shall be conducted prior to the commencement of voting in accordance with this section by processing a preaudited group of ballots produced so as to record a predetermined number of valid votes for each candidate and on each ballot question or ballot issue. The test shall ensure that the system accurately records votes when the elector has the option of voting for more than one candidate in a race. The test shall ensure that the voting system properly rejects and does not count overvotes and undervotes. (b) The public test shall be open to representatives of the political parties, the press, and the public, subject to the rules promulgated by the secretary of state pursuant to subsection (6) of this section. Each major political party, minor political party, ballot issue committee that has an issue on the ballot, and coordinating entity may designate one person, who shall be allowed to witness all public tests and the counting of pretest votes. If an observer or designee hinders or disturbs the test process, the designated election official may remove the person from the test area. An observer or designee who has been removed from a public test may be barred from future tests. The absence of observers or designees shall not delay or stop the public test. (c) The testing board shall convene and designate at least one member to represent the board during the testing, sign the necessary reports, and report to the board. The programs and ballots used for testing shall be attested to and sealed by the board and retained in the custody of the designated election official. The absence of a member of the testing board shall not delay or stop the test. (d) Upon completion of the testing conducted pursuant to this section, the testing board or its representative and the representatives of the political parties, ballot issue committees, and coordinating entities who attended the test may witness the resetting of each device that passed the test to a preelection state of readiness and the sealing of each such device in order to secure its state of readiness. (e) The testing board or its representative shall sign a written statement indicating the devices tested, the results of the testing, the protective counter numbers of each device, if applicable, the number of the seal attached to each device upon completion of the testing, any problems reported to the designated election official as a result of the testing, and whether each device tested is satisfactory or unsatisfactory. (3) Notice of the fact that the public test will take place shall be posted in the designated public place for posting notices in the county for at least seven days before the public test. The notice shall indicate the general time frame during which the test may take place and the manner in which members of the public may obtain specific information about the time and place of the test. Nothing in this subsection (3) shall preclude the use of additional methods of providing information about the public test to members of the public. (4) (a) If any tested device is found to have an error in tabulation, it shall be deemed unsatisfactory. For each device deemed unsatisfactory, the testing board shall attempt to determine the cause of the error, attempt to identify and test other devices that could reasonably be expected to have the same error, and test a number of additional devices sufficient to determine that all other devices are satisfactory. The Page 7 of cause of any error detected shall be corrected, and an errorless count shall be made before the voting equipment is approved. The test shall be repeated and errorless results achieved before official ballots are counted. (b) If an error is detected in the operation or output of an electronic voting device, including an error in spelling or in the order of candidates on a ballot, the problem shall be reported to the testing board and the designated election official. The designated election official shall correct the error. (c) A voting device deemed unsatisfactory shall be recoded, repaired, or replaced and shall be made available for retesting unless a sufficient number of tested backup devices is available to replace the unsatisfactory device. The backup device may not be used in the election unless the testing board or its representative determines that the device is satisfactory. The designated election official shall announce at the conclusion of the first testing the date, place, and time that an unsatisfactory device will be retested, or, at the option of the testing board, the designated election official shall notify by telephone each person who was present at the first testing of the date, place, and time of the retesting. (5) The designated election official shall keep records of all previous testing of electronic and electromechanical tabulation devices used in any election. Such records shall be available for inspection and reference during public testing by any person in attendance. The need of the testing board for access to such records during the testing shall take precedence over the need of other attendees for access so that the work of the testing board will not be hindered. Records of testing shall include, for each device, the name of the person who tested the device and the date, place, time, and results of each test. Records of testing shall be retained as part of the official records of the election in which the device is used. (6) The secretary of state shall promulgate rules in accordance with article 4 of title 24, C.R.S., prescribing the manner of performing the logic and accuracy testing required by this section. Source: L. 2005: Entire section added, p. 1404, 27, effective June 6; entire section added, p. 1439, 27, effective June 6. L. 2007: (1)(b) amended, p. 1779, 17, effective June Page 8 of 15 Boulder County Clerk & Recorder Elections Division AGENDA LOGIC AND ACCURACY TEST (LAT) October 11th, Welcome Message a. Name tags and affiliations b. Housekeeping c. Review Observer Guidelines d. Review LAT Procedures Summary and Highlights 2. Sign in and storage of personal items (east wing office area) 3. Ballot packet (board members and participants) a. One (1) packet of 25 ballots of unique precincts per board member b. One (1) packet of 10 ballots of unique precincts per jurisdiction participating 4. Ballot processing a. Voting of paper ballots (board member) b. Manual Verification Worksheet (MVW) (2 person process) 5. *Electronic ballots (2 person process) a. Zero Report observed b. Paper ballots are used as guide for voting electronically i. Vote two (2) ballots using audio equipment NOTE: If the paper ballot shows as over voted contest, test the over vote, and then make the contest an under vote by not selecting any candidate c. Verifiable Ballot Option (VBO) compared against ballot 6. *Scan a. Zero Report observed b. Review of ballots prior to scanning process i. Voter corrects ballot or MVW ii. Any damaged or improperly marked ballot is reviewed and/or rejected during scanning c. Resolution d. Write Cast Vote Records (CVRs) 7. Tabulation of votes a. Zero Report observed b. Individual results report created 8. Audit and resolution of MVW and tabulation results report a. Paper ballots b. Electronic ballots 9. Resetting and resealing of election equipment 10. Closing of LAT process (optional attendance) a. Cumulative results of LAT b. Securing all documentation 11. Certification of LAT a. Sign off of Statement of Qualification documentation 12. Ballot storage *Processes may be done simultaneously Page 9 of 15 Boulder County Clerk & Recorder Elections Division SUMMARY OF Logic and Accuracy Test (LAT) Procedures 1. Sign in and obtai
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