Unit 6 Test Practice Questions UNIT 6 TEST DATE:_____ PACKET DUE: ____________

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UNIT 6 TEST DATE:_____ PACKET DUE: ____________ Unit 6 Test Practice Questions I, (write in name) ________________________________________, completed and had a…
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UNIT 6 TEST DATE:_____ PACKET DUE: ____________ Unit 6 Test Practice Questions I, (write in name) ________________________________________, completed and had a parent and/or Civics teacher check my packet before taking the test. Sign Here ____________________ Parent or Teacher Signature _______________ Your Unit 6 Test is will be on March 17/18. These questions focus on:  Vocabulary - Pg. 115-116  Civil and Criminal Procedure – Pg. 118-122  Due Process Protections – Pg. 120  Federal Court System Structure – Pg. 124  State Court System Structure – Pg. 126 Vocabulary: Use pages 115 and 116 in your notebook to answer the following questions 1. There are two types of COURT CASES or REASONS TO GO TO COURT: _______________________: This is type of case when you go to court because I’m going to of an argument. In the courts, an argument is called a lawsuit or suing someone. sue you! I stole a t-shirt! _______________________: This is a type of case when you go to court because a law was broken. 2. In a Criminal Case, there are two types of CRIMES: ____________________________ are major or serious crimes. Examples are killing someone, stealing a car, or stealing lots of money. I stole $5 million! ____________________________ are minor or little crimes. Examples are I stole $5! stealing t-shirts, getting a speeding ticket, or stealing gum. 3. In a Criminal Case, there are some specific vocabulary words you might see: ___________________________ is the person accused of a crime. I am accused of a crime! Oh no! ____________________________ is an accused person’s response to a criminal I am not charge (guilty or not guilty). guilty! ____________________________ is the evidence that gives the police a reason Oh man! They to arrest you. For example, they could arrest you for stealing a car if they found found the money the stolen car in your garage. Hint: This word isn’t in the vocabulary section, in my car so they it’s on page 122 instead! This is how the police PROBABLY know you did it. arrested me! ____________________________ is a pre-trail hearing or meeting. This is the I am not guilty, meeting that happens BEFORE the trial where the person accused of the crime but I do need a gets a lawyer enters a plea, and probable cause is reviewed. lawyer! 4. In a Civil Case, there are some specific vocabulary words you might see: ____________________________ is the person filing a complaint or suing in a I’m suing Oh no! Civil Case. If Mrs. Talent sued Mr. Buffone, then Mrs. Talent would be this. you! Oh no! ____________________________ is the person getting sued or accused in an I’m suing argument. If Mrs. Talent sued Mr. Buffone, then Mr. Buffone would be this. you! Civil and Criminal Procedure: Use questions 1-4 in this packet to help you on the questions below. Refer to page 110 5. Ms. Leek is suing Ms. Mayfield for spilling her coffee. Ms. Leek wants Ms. Mayfield to pay her back for the coffee and give her $1 million more. o Ms. Leek is the ___________________ (plaintiff/defendant) o Ms. Mayfield is the ____________________ (plaintiff/defendant) 6. Sara’s Arraignment is happening tomorrow. Circle everything below that will happen at the arraignment: *The probable cause will be reviewed. *Sara will be appointed a lawyer. *Bail will be set. *Sara will enter her plea of guilty or not guilty. *The verdict will be decided *Sara will be arrested. 7. Mr. Laabs is being arrested for stealing a prize-winning horse. The police arrested Ms. Spinsoa because they found the horse in Mr. Laabs backyard.  Mr. Laabs is the __________________________ (prosecutor/defendant).  The horse is the ______________________________ (verdict/probable cause). Directions for Questions 8-13: For each of the following cases, say whether the case is CIVIL or CRIMINAL and the key word or phrase that told you the kind of court case. 8. John is the plaintiff in his case. This is a _______________________ (Civil OR Criminal) case. The key word or phrase that told me this was ___________________________. 9. The judge said: “How do you plead? Guilty or not guilty?” This is a __________________ (Civil OR Criminal) case. The key word or phrase that told me this was ___________________________. 10. Frank went to court for a speeding ticket. This is a _______________________ (Civil OR Criminal) case. The key word or phrase that told me this was ___________________________. 11. The court is deciding how long Erica must stay in jail. This is a _______________________ (Civil OR Criminal) case. The key word or phrase that told me this was ___________________________. 12. The court is deciding how much Emily should pay in damages. This is a ________________ (Civil OR Criminal) case. The key word or phrase that told me this was ___________________________. 13.The court is deciding whether Chris is guilty or not guilty. This is a ____________________ (Civil OR Criminal) case. The key word or phrase that told me this was ___________________________. *******************Practicing Procedure (Steps) in Civil and Criminal Cases************* Civil and Criminal Procedure: Use page 118-122 in your notebook to answer the following questions 14. CIVIL PROCEDURES: Civil Procedures Bank: Civil Step One: ________________________________________  Case is heard by judge and jury  Plaintiff files a complaint  Case can be appealed Civil Step Two: ________________________________________ Civil Step Three: _______________________________________ 15. CRIMINAL PROCEDURES: Criminal Step One: _______________________________________ Criminal Procedures Bank:  Bail or Jail Criminal Step Two: _______________________________________  Arraignment  Arrest based on probable cause Criminal Step Three: _______________________________________  Court date is set and trial occurs  Verdict can be appealed Criminal Step Four: _______________________________________ Criminal Step Five: _______________________________________ 16. Mrs. Beichler lost her lawsuit against Mr. Spencer. She is not happy! What can she do next? a. Arraign Mr. Spencer b. Get a verdict c. Arrest Mr. Spencer d. Appeal his case 17. Put the steps of the following case in order: a. 1, 2, 3 Steps for #17 b. 3, 2, 1 1. Verdict can be appealed c. 2, 3, 1 2. Plaintiff files a complaint d. 1, 3, 2 3. Case is heard by judge or jury 18. Put the steps of the following case in order: a. 2, 4, 3, 1, 5 Steps for #18 b. 5, 1, 4, 3, 2 1. Verdict can be appealed c. 5, 2, 4, 3, 1 d. 2, 5, 4, 3, 1 2. Arrest based on probable cause 3. Court date is set and trial occurs 4. Arraignment 5. Bail or Jail ***************************Practicing Federal and State Court Systems************************** Vocabulary: Use pages 115 and 116 to answer the following questions 19. Jurisdiction is _____________________________________________________________. There are two types of jurisdiction: original and appellate. 20. ___________________ (original OR appellate) is the power to hear a case for the FIRST time. If a court has this jurisdiction, cases can START in that court. 21. __________________ (original OR appellate) is the power to hear a case the NEXT time or on APPEAL. If a court has this jurisdiction, cases will be appealed up to this court. Federal Court System Structure: Use page 124 to answer the following questions 22. The United States has a ____________________ court system, which means we have two major court systems. 23. The United States has a dual court system made up of: a. Federal and Local Courts b. Original and Appellate Courts c. Federal and State Courts d. Judicial and Legislative Courts 24. What document organizes our Federal courts and gives court’s their jurisdiction? __________________________ 25. What document organizes our State court system and gives court’s their jurisdiction? _______________________ 26. _________________ (federal OR state) courts hear cases when people break state laws or cases involving the Virginia Constitution. 27. __________________ (federal OR state) courts hear cases when people break national laws, crimes in more than one state, or cases involving the US Constitution. 28. A CLUE to help you remember the order of the __________________ (federal OR state) courts is SAD. 29. A CLUE to help you remember the order of the __________________ (federal OR state) courts is SACDD. For the following examples, would you use SAD, or SACdd to help you determine the court? 30. _______________ Ms. Winters was caught stealing Mrs. Arnold’s favorite coffee mug in Virginia. 31. _______________ Sara sued the US government over the Affordable Care Act. 32. _______________ Jessica was caught destroying mailboxes in her neighborhood. 33. _______________ Lauren did not pay her federal taxes! 34. _______________ Mr. Giddens wrecked Mr. Buffone’s car in Virginia! He is suing Mr. Giddens for $1,800. 35. _______________ Jonathan committed murder in Virginia, Maryland, and Florida. 36. _______________ Phoebe was caught speeding down Route 7! Federal Court System Structure: Use page 124 and 126 in your notebook to answer the following questions Federal Court System (Pg. 124 Notes) Virginia State Court System (Pg. 126 Notes) S - ____________________________________ S - _________________________________________  In this court, cases are heard and decided  In this court, cases are heard and decided by by __________________________ __________________________  Circle the type(s) of jurisdiction this court  Circle the type(s) of jurisdiction this court has: has: Original Jurisdiction, Limited Original Jurisdiction, Limited Original Jurisdiction, Original Jurisdiction, Appellate Appellate Jurisdiction Jurisdiction A - _________________________________________  In this court, cases are heard and decided by __________________________ A - ____________________________________  In this court, cases are heard and decided by  Circle the type(s) of jurisdiction this court has: Original __________________________ Jurisdiction, Limited Original Jurisdiction, Appellate Jurisdiction  Circle the type(s) of jurisdiction this court has: Original Jurisdiction, Limited Original Jurisdiction, Appellate Jurisdiction C - _________________________________________  In this court, cases are heard and decided by __________________________  Circle the type(s) of jurisdiction this court has: Original Jurisdiction, Limited Original Jurisdiction, Appellate Jurisdiction D - ____________________________________  What kinds of cases start in this court?  In this court, cases are heard and decided by __________________________ ______________________________________________  Circle the type(s) of jurisdiction this court has: Original Jurisdiction, Limited Original D - ____________________ D _____________________ Jurisdiction, Appellate Jurisdiction *In this court, cases are *In this court, cases are heard heard and decided by and decided by ____________. ___________________  What kinds of cases start at this court? *Circle the type(s) of *Circle the type of jurisdiction _____________________________________ jurisdiction this court has: this court has: Original Jurisdiction, Original Jurisdiction, Limited Original Jurisdiction, Limited Original Jurisdiction, Appellate Jurisdiction Appellate Jurisdiction *What kinds of cases *What kinds of cases start in this court? start in this court? _______________ _______________ Start Directions: For some questions, you just have to look back at the charts to figure them out. 37. Mr. Giddens stole packages from the US Mail. a. Would his case be in the Federal Courts OR State Courts? ___________________________ b. What court would have original jurisdiction over his case? ___________________________ 38. Sandy committed a misdemeanor in Virginia and is on the way to the first court to hear her case. a. Would his case be in the Federal Courts OR State Courts? ___________________________ b. What court would have original jurisdiction over his case? ___________________________ 39. Bill committed a felony in Virginia and is on the way to the first court to hear his case. a. Would his case be in the Federal Courts OR State Courts? ___________________________ b. What court would have original jurisdiction over his case? ___________________________ 40. What Virginia court has a jury? _________________________________________________________ 41. What Federal Courts DO NOT have original jurisdiction? _____________________________________ 42. What court matches these facts: 1. There are judges. 2. There is no jury. 3. This court only hears cases that have been appealed. a. US Court of Appeals b. Circuit court c. VA Supreme Court d. US Supreme Court 43. What court has the final say and appellate jurisdiction over all other courts in the country? a. US District Court b. US Federal Court c. US Court of Appeals d. US Supreme Court Some questions you have to show your work for! Show your work for the following questions using the chart: 44. Paul committed felonies in three different states. What court is Paul currently in if his cases have been appealed one time? a. If Georgia committed felonies in three different states, is Paul in Federal Courts OR State Courts? ________________________________________________ b. Paul appealed his case one time. Show your work using the SAD and SACDD Charts: c. What court is Paul in since he appealed his case one time? ______________________________ 45. Zack, who is fifteen years old, committed a felony and has appealed his case three times. What court would hear his third appeal? a. Zack is fifteen and committed a felony. Is Zack in Federal Courts OR State Courts? ________________________________________________ b. Zack appealed his case three times. Show your work using the SAD and SACDD Charts: c. What court is Zack in since he appealed his case three times? ____________________________ 46. Michelle sued her sister for $5. Both Michelle and her sister live in Virginia. She appealed the case once. What court would she be in for her first appeal trial? a. Michelle and her sister live in Virginia and are suing for $5. Is Michelle in Federal Courts OR State Courts? ________________________________________________ b. Michelle sued for $5 and appealed her case once. Show your work using the SAD and SACDD Charts: c. What court is Michelle in since she appealed her case once? ____________________________ 47. Selena Gomez sued Justin Bieber for $50 million. Both Selena and Justin live just moved to Virginia. She appealed the case twice. What court would she be in for her second appeal trial? a. Selena sued Justin for $50 million in Virginia. Is Selena in Federal Courts OR State Courts? ________________________________________________ b. Selena sued for $50 million and appealed her case twice. Show work using SAD and SACDD: c. What court is Selena in since she appealed her case twice? _____________________________ *************************Practicing Due Process Protections************************** Use page 120 in your notebook to answer the following questions 1. You have rights when you are in the courts and accused of a crime! The government should not be unfair to you! What document protects you from the US Government being unfair? __________________________ 2. There is a special name for the PROCESS the Constitution makes the government goes through to be fair and protect you. These constitutional protections against unfair governmental laws and actions are called: a. Judicial Checks b. Due Process Protections c. Criminal Procedures d. Appellate Jurisdictions 3. There are two changes to the US Constitution that are very important to protect you when you are accused of a crime so the government isn’t unfair. Hint: N comes before S in the alphabet. 5 comes before 14 in the number line. National Government (N) must be fair because of _____ (5th or 14th) Amendment. State Governments (S) must be fair because of the _____ (5th or 14th) Amendment! Due Process Protections: Use page 120 in your notebook to answer the following questions 4. The 5th Amendment protects against the unfair treatment by the _________________ government. a. Local b. State c. National d. None of the Above 5. Which amendment protects citizens against unfair treatment by the state and local government? a. 5th b. 8th c. 14th d. 27th 6. The Due Process Clause of the __________________extended the Bill of Rights to state and local government. a. 5th b. 8th c. 14th d. 27th **YOU ARE NOT DONE!!!!!!!! GO SEE YOUR TEACHER TO HAVE THIS PACKET CHECKED!!!!!!** Make a lot of mistakes on this packet? Still think you’re not ready?  Try to do the packet another time from memory! Then check your answers!  Create flashcards with the question on one side and the answer on the other side!  Play games at www.solpass.org (password: trailside)
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